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Interesting story, history of Saryu river in Ayodhya, importance in the life of Shri Ram

Ayodhya Saryu River: The diverse and picturesque land of India has innumerable mountains, waterfalls and rivers that add to its beauty. When it comes to rivers, India is often called the land of rivers, with around 200 rivers, big and small. Many rivers have a rich and ancient history. Talking about Saryu River, its history is witness to Lord Ram’s exile period and his return to Ayodhya.

Saryu River holds importance in the story of Ayodhya, as it has been a witness to the life of Lord Rama from his exile till his return to Ayodhya. The story of Ayodhya is incomplete without the description of Saryu River, as this river has been a silent witness to the birth, exile and return of Lord Rama.

The ongoing discussions regarding the grand Ram temple in Ayodhya have also fueled discussions around the Saryu river. However, if we do not delve into the story of Saryu River, the saga of Ayodhya will remain incomplete.

Let us explore the story and history of the Saryu River, which has been flowing through Ayodhya since witnessing the journey of Lord Ram.

Saryu is mentioned in Vedas and Puranas:

Saryu was the main river of the Kosala region during the Ramayana period. Similarly, mention of Saryu river is found in Bhishma Parva of Mahabharata. It is called Brahmachari river. In Ramcharitmanas, Tulsidas has beautifully described the glory of Saryu with these lines, “Awadhpuri Mam Puri Suhavani, Uttar Disa Bah Saryu Pavani.” Through this verse, Tulsidas presents Saryu as the primary identity of Ayodhya.

The Padma Purana, especially in the Uttarakhand section, describes the glory of the Saryu River. Sage Panini has also mentioned Saryu river in his book Ashtadhyayi. It is said in the local language that there is a continuous stream of milk flowing in Saryu and foolish people consider it to be just water. Its symbolic meaning is that the sacred Saryu River is continuously flowing with a stream of nectar, although some people may see it as ordinary water.

How did Saryu River originate:

Saryu is a Vedic river and is mentioned in the Rigveda. According to the Puranas, Saryu appeared from the tears of Lord Vishnu’s eyes. It is said that the origin of the sacred river is linked to the tears of Lord Vishnu. According to the Yatra Kand of Anand Ramayana, in ancient times the demon Shakasura had stolen the Vedas and thrown them into the sea and hid himself there. At that time, Lord Vishnu assumed the Matsya (fish) incarnation, killed the demon, handed over the Vedas to Lord Brahma and returned to his true form.

During this incident, tears of joy welled up from Lord Vishnu’s eyes. Brahma took those love tears and kept them in Manasarovar, keeping them safe. Maharaja Vaivaswat, with his great bravery, took out this water from Manasarovar by shooting an arrow. This water flow is known as Saryu River. This story is described in Chapter 121 of Matsya Purana and 24th Canto of Valmiki Ramayana.

History of Saryu River:

Saryu River is actually a tributary of Sharda River. It is also known as Saryu or Sarju river. The Saryu River originates from the Sharda River in Uttarakhand and flows through Uttar Pradesh. It originates mainly from the foothills of the Himalayas and becomes a tributary of the Sharda. Talking about the history of Saryu river, it is mentioned in ancient Hindu scriptures, Vedas and Ramayana. Saryu is one of the seven tributaries of the Ganga river. The sanctity of Saryu river is such that it is believed that bathing in it removes all the impurities of a person.

Ayodhya, the birthplace and capital of Lord Rama in Treta Yuga, was situated on the banks of Saryu. It is said that Saryu arrived on earth before Treta Yuga, specifically to witness the childhood exploits of Lord Rama. Thus, this river is considered very important not only for Ayodhya but for the whole of India.

Ayodhya is identified with Saryu:

According to Puranas and Ramayana, the arrival of Saryu river is said to be before Treta Yuga. Even today this river is the center of faith for millions of people. Devotees take bath in this river on special occasions. Saryu is also revered by saints, ascetics and spiritual practitioners.

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