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Red Sea Crisis Explained

 

The geopolitical landscape in the Middle East has become increasingly complex and tense as Yemen’s Houthis announced their support for Hamas in its conflict with Israel.

The Houthis have announced their intention to target any ship sailing to Israel, leading to attacks on several commercial ships using drones and ballistic missiles. Also last month, the rebel group claimed to have seized an Israeli cargo ship.

In response to the attacks, major shipping companies including Mediterranean Shipping Company, Maersk, Hapag-Lloyd and British Petroleum changed course. Their ships are away from the Red Sea.

In response, the United States launched an international naval operation to protect those affected, involving the United Kingdom, Canada, France, Bahrain, Norway, and Spain. ship.

Who are the Houthis?

The Houthis, a religious revival movement founded in the 1990s, originated in the far north of Yemen and aimed to combat perceived corruption in the government.

Over the years, they have been engaged in conflict with the national army and faced opposition from Saudi Arabia. The rebel group aligned itself with the Iranian-led ‘axis of resistance’ against Israel and the West, seizing power during the 2014 civil war, capturing the capital Sanaa.

In the current Middle East conflict, the Houthis announced attacks on Israel and promised to continue until Israeli aggression ceases. He threatened to target all ships headed to Israeli ports, regardless of nationality, and warned international shipping companies against dealing with Israeli ports.

The alleged link between the Houthis and Iran has been a long-standing allegation, with the United States claiming that Tehran is deeply involved in planning Houthi operations in the Red Sea, a claim Iran has denied.

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